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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biogenesis of the covalently flavinylated mitochondrial enzyme dimethylglycine dehydrogenase.

Rat dimethylglycine dehydrogenase (Me2GlyDH) was used as model protein to study the biogenesis of a covalently flavinylated mitochondrial enzyme. Here we show that: 1) enzymatically active holoenzyme correlated with trypsin resistance of the protein; 2) folding of the reticulocyte lysate-translated protein into the trypsin-resistant, holoenzyme form was a slow process that was stimulated by the presence of the flavin cofactor and was more efficient at 15 degrees C than at 30 degrees C; 3) the mitochondrial presequence reduced the extent but did not prevent holoenzyme formation; 4) covalent attachment of FAD to the Me2GlyDH apoenzyme proceeded spontaneously and did not require a mitochondrial protein factor; 5) in vitro only the precursor, but not the mature form, of the protein was imported into isolated rat liver mitochondria; in vivo, in stably transfected HepG2 cells, both the precursor and the mature form were imported into the organelle; 6) holoenzyme formation in the cytoplasm did not prevent the translocation of the proteins into the mitochondria in vivo; and 7) lack of vitamin B2 in the tissue culture medium resulted in a reduced recovery of the precursor and the mature form of Me2GlyDH from cell mitochondria, suggesting a decreased efficiency of mitochondrial protein import.[1]


  1. Biogenesis of the covalently flavinylated mitochondrial enzyme dimethylglycine dehydrogenase. Otto, A., Stoltz, M., Sailer, H.P., Brandsch, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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