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Substrate specificity of glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase from chicken liver.

Several analogs of glycinamide ribonucleotide and phosphoribosylamine have been prepared and evaluated as substrates for glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase purified from chicken liver. Glycinamide ribonucleotide analogs include side chain modifications wherein the glycine side chain (R = CH2NH2) has been replaced by R = CH2NHCH3 and R = CH2CH2NH2, ribose ring replacement by chiral cyclopentane and cyclopentene derivatives, and phosphate replacement by phosphonates. All of these, with the exception of the O-phosphonate, served as substrates for the reverse enzymatic reaction, with Vmax values comparable to that obtained with glycinamide ribonucleotide, although the Km values ranged from 21 to 118 times the Km for glycinamide ribonucleotide. Analogs of phosphoribosylamine examined as substrates for the forward reaction consist of chiral derivatives of cyclopentane and cyclopentene and a chiral carbocyclic phosphonate. These also served as substrates, with Km values ranging from 5 to 23 times the Km for phosphoribosylamine and with diminished Vmax values. These studies have begun to define the structural features of the nucleotide substrate necessary to support enzymatic activity. Sarcosine (N-methylglycine) and beta-alanine were also accepted as substrates, albeit with reduced affinity compared with glycine.[1]

References

  1. Substrate specificity of glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase from chicken liver. Antle, V.D., Liu, D., McKellar, B.R., Caperelli, C.A., Hua, M., Vince, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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