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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of CP-122,721; a nonpeptide antagonist of the neurokinin NK1 receptor.

CP-122,721 [(+)-(2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxy-5-trifluoromethoxybenzyl)amino-2 -phenylpiperidine] interacts with high affinity (pIC50 = 9.8) at the human NK1 receptor expressed in IM-9 cells. In the presence of CP-122,721, there was a reduction in Bmax of [125I]BH-SP binding with no change in affinity suggesting that CP-122,721 does not interact with the NK1 receptor in competitive manner. In an in vitro functional assay. CP-122,721 blocked SP-induced excitation of locus ceruleus cells in guinea pig brain slices with a IC50 value of 7 nM. In vivo, CP-122,721 potently blocked plasma extravasation in guinea pig lung elicited by aerosolized capsaicin (1 mM) with an ID50 = 0.01 mg/kg, p.o. Orally administered CP-122,721 antagonized Sar9, Met (O2)11-SP-induced locomotor activity in guinea pigs with an ID50 = 0.2 mg/kg suggesting good entry into the central nervous system. In addition, consistent with insurmountable blockade observed in vitro, CP-122,721 (0.01, 0.03 0.3 mg/kg, p.o.) produced a rightward shift in the dose response curve for SP-induced hypotension in the awake dog that was accompanied by a decrease in the maximal response. Thus, in vitro and in vivo CP-122,721 appears to behave functionally as a non-competitive antagonist producing an insurmountable blockade of the actions of SP.[1]


  1. Characterization of CP-122,721; a nonpeptide antagonist of the neurokinin NK1 receptor. McLean, S., Ganong, A., Seymour, P.A., Bryce, D.K., Crawford, R.T., Morrone, J., Reynolds, L.S., Schmidt, A.W., Zorn, S., Watson, J., Fossa, A., DePasquale, M., Rosen, T., Nagahisa, A., Tsuchiya, M., Heym, J. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1996) [Pubmed]
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