The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The nature of uncoupling by n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol and 1-hexanol in rat liver mitochondria.

We have analyzed the effects of n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol, and 1-hexanol on the coupled respiration of rat liver mitochondria. Incubation of mitochondria with n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol and 1-hexanol resulted in a stimulation, at low concentrations, and an inhibition, at high concentrations, of the state 4 mitochondrial respiration. Three criteria, all based on the comparison with the effect of DNP, have been used to establish whether the stimulation of respiration, at low concentrations of n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol, and 1-hexanol, depends on protonophoric mechanisms. First, the quantitative relationship between the extents of respiratory stimulation and membrane potential depression: a strong decrease of membrane potential was induced by increasing concentrations of DNP and a negligible depression by increasing concentrations of n-hexane or 1-hexanethiol. Only a slight decrease was induced by 1-hexanol. Second, the quantitative relationship between the extents of respiratory stimulation and of proton conductance increase: at equivalent rates of respiration, the enhancement of the proton conductance induced by DNP was very marked, by n-hexane and 1-hexanethiol practically negligible, and by 1-hexanol much smaller than that induced by DNP. Third, in titrations with redox inhibitors of the proton pumps, the pattern of the relationship between proton pump conductance and membrane potential was markedly different from protonophoric and non-protonophoric uncouplers: almost linear in the case of DNP, highly non-linear in the case of n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol and 1-hexanol. These three criteria support the view that n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol, and partially 1-hexanol, uncouple mitochondrial respiration by a non-protonophoric mechanism.[1]

References

  1. The nature of uncoupling by n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol and 1-hexanol in rat liver mitochondria. Canton, M., Gennari, F., Luvisetto, S., Azzone, G.F. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1996) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities