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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanisms of unusually high antioxidant activity of RSV-SR-transformed cells and of its suppression by activated p21ras.

We have previously demonstrated that hamster embryo fibroblasts (HEFs) transformed by Rous Sarcoma virus, Schmidt-Ruppin strain (RSV-SR) are highly resistant to damage by H202 (H2O2R), (in contrast to HEFs transformed spontaneously, or by bovine adenovirus and SV40), while N-ras transfection of RSV-SR transformants leads to suppression of pp6Ov-scr and of H2O2R. In this study we have examined (1) mechanisms of antioxidant activity (AOA) of HEFs transformed by these agents and (2) the possible role of the v-src gene in unusually high AOA of RSV-SR transformants and of activated ras oncogenes in its suppression. All transformants exhibit increased catalase and glutathione peroxidase ( GP) activities, while SOD, glutathione and glutathione reductase ( GR) were reduced. As compared with other transformants, the significantly higher catalase and the low SOD activities were characteristic of RSV-SR-transformants, while an increase in GP was observed in all types of transformants. Correspondingly, RSV-SR-transformants showed an extremely high H202-catabolizing activity (H2O2CA) and no lipid peroxidation chain reaction (LPCR). N-ras-induced suppression of pp60v-scr of RSV-SR-transformed HEFs coincided with the suppression of catalase, GP, H202 and H202CA. However, suppression of catalase and GP was also observed in N-ras- and Ha-ras-transfected, spontaneously transformed HEFs. Thus, extremely high catalase activity and suppression of LPCR are apparently the main mechanisms of the unusually high H202R of RSV-SR transformants, while its suppression by activated ras oncogenes may also take place in some transformants, free of v-src activity.[1]


  1. Mechanisms of unusually high antioxidant activity of RSV-SR-transformed cells and of its suppression by activated p21ras. Deichman, G.I., Kashkina, L.M., Mizenina, O.A., Gorojanskaya, E.G., Nikiforov, M.A., Gudkov, A.V., Dyakova, N.A., Komelkov, A.V., Prilutskaya, M.O., Kushlinsky, N.E., Tatosyan, A.G. Int. J. Cancer (1996) [Pubmed]
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