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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular cloning of a novel thyroid hormone-responsive gene, ZAKI-4, in human skin fibroblasts.

Utilizing a method called "differential display of mRNAs by means of polymerase chain reaction", the cDNA fragment of a thyroid hormone-responsive gene ZAKI-4 was cloned from cultured human skin fibroblasts. Northern blot analysis revealed that there were two ZAKI-4 mRNA species (3.4 and 1.4 kilobases (kb)), and they were up-regulated by a physiological concentration of triiodothyronine (T3). This T3 effect was abolished by the treatment with cycloheximide, indicating the possibility that gene ZAKI-4 is regulated by T3 in an indirect fashion, through an intermediate product of T3, rather directly by T3 itself. No effect of T3 on ZAKI-4 mRNA stability suggested that T3 induces the mRNA at the transcriptional level. Rapid amplification of cDNA ends confirmed the presence of two mRNA species. ZAKI-4 mRNA was detected in heart, brain, liver, and skeletal muscle but not in placenta, lung, kidney and pancreas. In skin fibroblasts and skeletal muscle, 3.4-kb mRNA was the major species, whereas 1.4-kb mRNA was dominant in heart, brain, and liver. The sequence analysis suggested that the two mRNA species arise from alternative polyadenylation and code a single protein of 192 amino acids. No homologous protein sequence was found in a data base. Elucidation of the function of ZAKI-4 gene product will provide new insights into an important role of T3 in various organs.[1]

References

  1. Molecular cloning of a novel thyroid hormone-responsive gene, ZAKI-4, in human skin fibroblasts. Miyazaki, T., Kanou, Y., Murata, Y., Ohmori, S., Niwa, T., Maeda, K., Yamamura, H., Seo, H. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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