The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The thymidine kinase/ganciclovir-mediated "suicide" effect is variable in different tumor cells.

The herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) converts ganciclovir (GCV) into a toxic product and allows selective elimination of TK+ cells in vitro and in vivo. It is currently being used in clinical gene therapy trials as a therapeutic gene or as a safety marker. We have analyzed the susceptibility of different tumor cell lines to the TK/GCV-mediated "suicide" effect. Therefore, tumor cells TSA, J558L, EB, and ESB and, as a control, NIH-3T3 cells were infected with a retrovirus containing a hygromycin/TK fusion gene. All cell lines were sensitive to GCV in vitro; however, the concentration of GCV and the time needed to eliminate tumor cells completely considerably varied between different tumor cell lines. TSA-TK cells were completely eliminated within 10 days in 1 microg/ml GCV, whereas ESB-TK cells required 22 days in 10 microg/ml GCV. When two cell lines were examined, the differing sensitivity to GCV in vitro correlated with the ability to eradicate TK+ tumors in vivo. TSA-TK tumors could be eliminated in almost all animals by systemic GCV administration, whereas ESB-TK tumors were completely resistant. Different sensitivity to GCV was not due to different TK expression levels because the cells were similarly resistant to hygromycin, and Western blot analysis with an anti-TK antiserum revealed similar protein amounts in TSA/TK and ESB-TK cells. Together, the results demonstrate that tumor cells are highly different concerning the susceptibility to the TK/GCV effect, which, however, may be tested for in vitro.[1]


  1. The thymidine kinase/ganciclovir-mediated "suicide" effect is variable in different tumor cells. Beck, C., Cayeux, S., Lupton, S.D., Dörken, B., Blankenstein, T. Hum. Gene Ther. (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities