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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interferon gamma plays a critical role in T cell-dependent liver injury in mice initiated by concanavalin A.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: T cell-dependent liver injury involving endogenous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha can be induced by either concanavalin A in naive mice or by activating anti-CD3 antibody or staphylococcal enterotoxin B in D-galactosamine-sensitized mice. In this study, the role of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in these T-cell models was addressed. METHODS: Mice were pretreated with a neutralizing anti-mouse IFN-gamma antiserum before injection of T cell-activating agents. Plasma cytokine and transaminase levels were determined. Apoptotic cell death was assessed by hepatic DNA fragmentation. RESULTS: Anti-IFN-gamma antiserum significantly protected mice from concanavalin A-induced liver injury. Circulating IFN-gamma was completely suppressed, and TNF was reduced by 50%. Recombinant TNF-alpha administered to mice treated with concanavalin A and anti-IFN-gamma antiserum failed to initiate liver injury. Similar results were obtained with recombinant IFN-gamma in concanavalin A-challenged mice under the condition of TNF neutralization. Neither hepatic DNA fragmentation nor release of transaminases was inhibited by anti-IFN-gamma antiserum when liver injury was induced by staphylococcal enterotoxin B or anti-CD3 antibody in D-galactosamine-sensitized mice. CONCLUSIONS: Both TNF as well as IFN-gamma are critical mediators of liver injury in concanavalin A-treated mice, whereas hepatic DNA fragmentation and liver failure in the D-galactosamine models depend only on TNF.[1]


  1. Interferon gamma plays a critical role in T cell-dependent liver injury in mice initiated by concanavalin A. Küsters, S., Gantner, F., Künstle, G., Tiegs, G. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
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