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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition and metal ion activation of pig kidney aminopeptidase P. Dependence on nature of substrate.

Pig kidney aminopeptidase P (AP-P; EC has been purified to homogeneity after its solubilisation from brush border membranes by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. The effects of various activators and inhibitors of AP-P activity have been examined with a number of different substrates for the enzyme. The hydrolysis of bradykinin and ArgProPro is inhibited at Mn2+ concentrations above 10(-5) M, whereas the hydrolysis of other substrates (GlyProHyp, beta-casomorphin, substance P) is substantially activated, with 4-10 mM Mn2+ being optimal. The thiol reagent, p-chloromercuriphenylsulphonic acid, inhibits the hydrolysis of GlyProHyp but markedly activates the hydrolysis of bradykinin. A number of inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE; EC, previously reported to inhibit the hydrolysis of GlyProHyp, have no effect on the hydrolysis of bradykinin except in the presence of Mn2+. Differences were also observed in the degree of inhibition of GlyProHyp and bradykinin hydrolysis by EDTA and their reactivation by divalent cations. The hydrolysis of GlyProHyp follows Michaelis-Menten kinetics with a Km value of 2.7 mM. Bradykinin inhibits GlyProHyp hydrolysis with an I50 of 1.4 microM. The hydrolysis of bradykinin by AP-P reveals anomalous nonlinear kinetics indicative of negative cooperativity or the presence of more than one active site for this substrate. These results indicate that substrates for AP-P can be divided into 2 groups based on their responses to inhibitors and cation activators.[1]


  1. Inhibition and metal ion activation of pig kidney aminopeptidase P. Dependence on nature of substrate. Lloyd, G.S., Hryszko, J., Hooper, N.M., Turner, A.J. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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