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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Motility and other characteristics of human sperm can be measured by computer-assisted sperm analysis of samples stained with Hoechst 33342.

OBJECTIVE: To develop methods for using a DNA-specific dye to discriminate between motile and nonmotile sperm and static particulate matter in fresh and diluted semen, using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) with the Hamilton Thorne IVOS, TOX version (Hamilton-Thorne Research, Beverly, MA). DESIGN: Donor semen was divided for treatment as fixed stained sperm (Hoechst 33342 stain; Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, MO), fresh motile and nonmotile stained sperm, and unstained control sperm. SETTING: Normal human volunteers in an academic research and medical environment. PATIENTS: Selected healthy student volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Delivered semen to the laboratory within 1 hour of collection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Semen quality measured by CASA. RESULTS: Fixed or fresh human sperm stained with Hoechst 33342 dye should be diluted to < or = 50 x 10(6) sperm/mL to count sperm accurately. Motile and nonmotile sperm were stained suitably with 5 to 10 micrograms/mL of dye when diluted with a simple diluent, but the dye concentration should be increased to 40 micrograms/mL when egg yolk is in the diluent. CONCLUSIONS: The DNA-specific dye, Hoechst 33342, can be used to discriminate between motile and nonmotile sperm and other particulate matter when evaluated by CASA with instrumentation equipped with suitable optics.[1]


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