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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A cb-type cytochrome-c oxidase terminates the respiratory chain in Helicobacter pylori.

A Helicobacter pylori membrane fraction oxidized yeast and equine cytochrome c, and N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD). When ascorbate was used as reductant, the Vmax and apparent Km values were 612 nmol electron min-1 (mg protein)-1 and 14 microM for yeast, and 419 nmol electron min-1 (mg protein)-1 and 19 microM for equine cytochrome c, respectively. For TMPD oxidation, the Vmax and Km values were 640 nmol electron min-1 (mg protein)-1 and 182 microM, respectively. These oxidase activities showed a high affinity for oxygen. Inhibition of both cytochrome-c and TMPD oxidase activities by 50% was caused by about 4 microM cyanide and about 0.5 mM azide. Redox difference spectra of the membrane solubilized with Triton X-100 showed b- or c-type cytochromes but not aa3-type cytochromes. c-type and a part of some b-type cytochromes were reduced with ascorbate plus TMPD. A CO difference spectrum revealed that protohaem, but not an aa3-type cytochrome, may be interacting with CO/oxygen. Only protohaem was detected in the haem fraction extracted from the membrane. Three polypeptides (60, 38 and 29 kDa) were found to be bearing haem c after SDS-PAGE of the membrane. From these results, it was suggested that the cbb3-type cytochrome-c oxidase, having a haem-copper binuclear centre like the cytochrome aa3-type oxidase, but differing in a few other properties, functions as a terminal oxidase in the respiratory chain of H. pylori.[1]


  1. A cb-type cytochrome-c oxidase terminates the respiratory chain in Helicobacter pylori. Nagata, K., Tsukita, S., Tamura, T., Sone, N. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) (1996) [Pubmed]
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