The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of proopiomelanocortin messenger ribonucleic acid in the pars distalis and pars intermedia of the pituitary gland after prolonged hypoxemia in fetal sheep.

POMC messenger RNA (mRNA) is synthesized and translated to form ACTH in the pars distalis and ACTH-related peptides in the pars intermedia of the pituitary in fetuses of species such as sheep. In the fetal sheep, maturation of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function occurs during late pregnancy accompanied by increased levels of POMC mRNA in the pars distalis, and contributes to the stimulus for birth. Activation of fetal HPA function also occurs with short term hypoxemia. However, the effects of more prolonged fetal hypoxemia, which may predispose to premature parturition, on POMC mRNA levels in the pars distalis and pars intermedia are not known. We studied the effects of sustained hypoxemia (48 h) in the absence of acidosis on fetal HPA responses at two times in late gestation, days 126-130 and days 134-136 (term = approximately 145 days). Hypoxemia was induced by lowering the fraction of oxygen in the maternal inspired gas mixture. Fetal arterial oxygen tension fell by 6-8 mm Hg, without a change in fetal arterial pH or carbon dioxide tension. Pituitary POMC mRNA was localized and quantified by in situ hybridization. At both gestational ages, hypoxemia caused a transient elevation in fetal plasma ACTH, with a maximum response at +2 h, and a sustained elevation in circulating cortisol. Cortisol responses were greater in the older fetuses. Changes in plasma cortisol were not associated with alterations in the plasma corticosteroid-binding capacity or in levels of hepatic corticosteroid-binding globulin mRNA. Pituitary POMC mRNA showed a regional distribution in the pars distalis, and mean levels increased with gestational age. After 48 h of hypoxemia, POMC mRNA levels had increased in the pars distalis. The regional distribution was unaffected by the hypoxemic insult. In contrast, POMC mRNA levels in the pars intermedia decreased after hypoxemia, and the reduction was greater in the older fetuses. We conclude that in response to prolonged hypoxemia, there is differential regulation of POMC mRNA levels in the pars distalis and pars intermedia of the pituitary in fetal sheep. The magnitude of these responses also changes with gestational age. The increase in POMC mRNA levels in the pars distalis at 48 h of hypoxemia, despite a rise in plasma cortisol and without a change in corticosteroid-binding globulin, suggests altered regulation of HPA function at this time.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities