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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence that type III iodothyronine deiodinase in rat astrocyte is a selenoprotein.

A type III iodothyronine deiodinase (D-III) that inactivates thyroid hormones has been recently cloned and identified as a selenoprotein in neonatal rat skin. However, selenium (Se) deficiency does not affect the D-III activity in the rat placenta and decreases the D-III in the rat brain only slightly. This study examines the effect of Se on the D-III activity in cultures of rat brain astrocytes. Astrocytes were depleted in Se by maintaining them in Se-free chemically defined medium for 7 days. These conditions decreased the activity of a recognized selenoprotein, glutathione peroxidase, 3-10-fold. D-III activity induced by 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was also decreased 2-6-fold. Addition of 30 nM Se to the culture medium caused a rapid increase in TPA-induced D-III activity visible within 1 h. This Se effect was maximal at 3 h (4-fold increase) and dose-dependent. Se also increased the induction of D-III by acidic Fibroblast Growth Factor, 8-bromo-cAMP, T4, or retinoic acid. Cycloheximide blocked the effect of Se on TPA-induced D-III activity, whereas actinomycin D did not. Thus the rapid effect of Se does not require messenger RNA synthesis but requires protein synthesis. We conclude that the D-III in astrocytes is probably a selenoprotein.[1]


  1. Evidence that type III iodothyronine deiodinase in rat astrocyte is a selenoprotein. Ramauge, M., Pallud, S., Esfandiari, A., Gavaret, J., Lennon, A., Pierre, M., Courtin, F. Endocrinology (1996) [Pubmed]
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