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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parthenolide inhibits the contractile responses of rat stomach fundus to fenfluramine and dextroamphetamine but not serotonin.

The isolated rat stomach fundus preparation, a sensitive bioassay to evaluate serotonin-(5-HT) like activity, was used as a model to study the effects of parthenolide (PAR), a component to Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew), on 5-HT storage, release and stimulation of the 5-HT2B receptor. Cumulative-concentration response curves to 5-HT and the indirect-acting serotonergics fenfluramine (F) and dextroamphetamine (DA) on fundus were obtained in the presence and absence of 1 x 10(-6) to 1 x 10(-5) PAR. 5-HT release elicited by F and DA was indirectly assessed by comparing the contraction elicited by these compounds on tissues from reserpine-treated, L-p-chlorophenylalanine (l-PCPA)-treated and untreated rats. The observed order of agonist potencies on intact fundus was: 5-HT > DA > F and the order of intrinsic activity was: 5-HT > DA > F. PAR did not show agonist effects nor antagonism toward 5-HT on rat fundus at all concentrations used. However, PAR antagonized non-competitively the effects of F and DA. Contractile responses to 5-HT were not significantly different on mucosa-denuded fundus and tissue strips from untreated, l-PCPA- and reserpine-treated rats. PAR appears to inhibit 5-HT release mediated responses by the indirect-acting 5-HT agonists on fundal tissue.[1]


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