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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monocyte- and cytokine-induced downregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme in cultured human and porcine endothelial cells.

We investigated the effects of monocytes on endothelial cell (EC) ectoenzyme activity. Coculture of human aortic ECs with human monocytes (2 x 10(5) monocytes per 2-cm2 well) led to a decrease in EC angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity (64.5 +/- 3.5% of control) but not aminopeptidase N, aminopeptidase P, and 5'-nucleotidase activities. Similar results were obtained using human umbilical vein EC-human monocyte and porcine aortic EC-porcine monocyte cocultures. The decrease in ACE activity was monocyte concentration and coculture time dependent, reaching a maximum of 65% decrease in activity at 120 hours. Monocyte-mediated reduction in ACE activity did not require cell to cell contact, since exposure of ECs to conditioned medium from cocultures (CCCM) or from monocyte cultures ( MCM) produced a decrease in ACE activity similar to that observed in EC-monocyte cocultures. Exogenously added tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1 alpha, two known secretory products of monocytes, simulated the effects of monocytes on ACE activity. Western blot analysis revealed a decrease in the amount of ACE protein in TNF-alpha-treated and CCCM-treated ECs compared with control ECs. Both TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha were present in CCCM and MCM but not EC-conditioned medium. Incubation of the cocultures with a mixture of neutralizing antibodies against TNF-alpha and IL-1 totally abolished the monocyte-induced decrease in ACE activity. In conclusion, monocytes decrease ACE activity in cultured ECs through the release of cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-1.[1]


  1. Monocyte- and cytokine-induced downregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme in cultured human and porcine endothelial cells. Papapetropoulos, A., Antonov, A., Virmani, R., Kolodgie, F.D., Munn, D.H., Marczin, N., Ryan, J.W., Gerrity, R.G., Catravas, J.D. Circ. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
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