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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of the messenger ribonucleic acids for insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in porcine corpora lutea.

In the pig, the corpus luteum (CL) can develop and function autonomous of pituitary gonadotropins for approximately 12 days. We hypothesized that the insulin-like growth factor ( IGF) system may play an autocrine/paracrine luteotrophic role(s) during this period. In this study, we monitored the expression (i.e., steady-state levels of mRNAs) of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP)-2, -3, -4, -5, and -6 mRNAs in whole CL and in small and large luteal cells on Days 4-16 of the estrous cycle. CL were dissociated with collagenase, and large and small luteal cells were isolated by centrifugal elutriation. Whole CL and luteal cells were extracted to isolate total or poly(A)+ RNA, which was subjected to Northern and/or dot-blot analyses using [32P]-labeled cDNA probes for IGF-I and IGFBP-2, -3, -4, -5, and -6. Northern blots showed readily detectable transcripts for IGF-I (6.7 and 0.9 kb), IGFBP-2 (1.8 kb), IGFBP-3 (2.8 kb), IGFBP-4 (2.6 kb), and IGFBP-5 (6.0 kb), but not for IGFBP-6. IGFBP-3 and -5 transcripts were observed mainly in small luteal cells, while IGFBP-2 and -4 were seen in both cell types. Dot-blot analyses for IGF-I and IGFBP-3 mRNAs were performed on total RNA from small and large luteal cells; blots were counter-probed with 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde dehydrogenase (p-GAD) cDNA to assess RNA quantity and quality. IGF-I mRNA (ratio IGF-I:p-GAD mRNA) expression was approximately 2-fold greater in small than in large luteal cells on Days 4-10. However, steady-state levels of IGF-I mRNA in small, but not large, luteal cells decreased significantly on Days 12-16 (vs. Days 4-10). IGFBP-3 mRNA expression was significantly greater (approximately 3-fold) in small than in large luteal cells but did not vary significantly between Days 4-10 and 12-16 for either cell type. We conclude that porcine CL express mRNAs for IGF-I and IGFBP-2, -3, -4, and -5, and that while small luteal cells are the major sources of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 and -5, IGFBP-2 and -4 appear to be expressed to approximately the same extent in small and large luteal cells. These results further suggest that the IGF-I/ IGF system may have autocrine/paracrine regulatory actions in CL development/function in the pig.[1]


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