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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calcium-dependent, interleukin 1-converting enzyme inhibitor-insensitive degradation of lamin B1 and DNA fragmentation in isolated thymocyte nuclei.

Recent work suggests that the proteolytic degradation of the nuclear lamins is a common event in apoptosis, although the nature of the proteases involved is still not clear. Our previous work showed that the degradation of lamin B1 in glucocorticoid-treated thymocytes occurs via a Ca2+-sensitive mechanism and that exogenous Ca2+ promotes lamin degradation in isolated thymocyte nuclei from untreated cells. Here we demonstrate that peptide-based inhibitors of the interleukin 1beta-converting enzyme family of cysteine proteases (Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp fluoromethyl ketone) and of the nuclear scaffold multicatalytic proteinase (Ala-Pro-Phe chloromethyl ketone) block the degradation of lamin B1 to a 21-kDa fragment in thymocytes treated with glucocorticoid, the Ca2+-mobilizing agent thapsigargin, or antibodies to the T cell receptor. However, among a panel of inhibitors specific for several different proteases implicated in apoptosis, only tosylphenylalanyl chloromethyl ketone and the nuclear scaffold protease inhibitor block lamin degradation, histone H1 cleavage, and DNA fragmentation in isolated thymocyte nuclei incubated with Ca2+. Overexpression of human BCL-2 in nuclei by stable transfection resulted in an inhibition of Ca2+-stimulated lamin degradation and DNA fragmentation, suggesting that endogenous nuclear BCL-2 regulates activation of the nuclear scaffold protease. The results demonstrate the existence of an alternative pathway of lamin degradation and DNA fragmentation mediated by a resident Ca2+-stimulated nuclear protease that is not directly dependent upon activation of the interleukin 1beta-converting enzyme family of cell death regulators.[1]


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