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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cdc45p assembles into a complex with Cdc46p/Mcm5p, is required for minichromosome maintenance, and is essential for chromosomal DNA replication.

We report the isolation and characterization of CDC45, which encodes a polypeptide of 650 amino acids that is essential for the initiation of chromosomal DNA replication in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. CDC45 genetically interacts with at least two members of the MCM (minichromosome maintenance) family of replication genes, CDC46 and CDC47, which are proposed to perform a role in restricting initiation of DNA replication to once per cell cycle. Like mutants in several MCM genes, alleles of CDC45 also show a severe minichromosome maintenance defect. Together, these observations imply that Cdc45p performs a role in the control of initiation events at chromosomal replication origins. We investigated this possibility further and present evidence demonstrating that Cdc45p is assembled into complexes with one MCM family member, Cdc46p/Mcm5p. These observations point to a role for Cdc45p in controlling the early steps of chromosomal DNA replication in conjunction with MCM polypeptide complexes. Unlike the MCMs, however, the subcellular localization of Cdc45p does not vary with the cell cycle, making it likely that Cdc45p interacts with MCMs only during the nuclear phase of MCM localization in G1.[1]


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