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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo and in vitro expression of a non-mammalian cyclooxygenase-1.

Unlike cyclooxygenase 2 ( COX-2), COX-1 has never been identified, purified or cloned in a non-mammalian species. Here we report the RT-PCR cloning of a chicken cDNA that encodes the amphipathic membrane binding region and parts of the dimerization and catalytic domains of COX-1-like enzyme. Sequence comparison showed this putative COX-1 to be evolutionarily less conserved than COX-2. Furthermore, whereas COX-1 in mammals is broadly expressed in tissues as a constitutive enzyme, the mRNA detected by our clone in chicken was almost absent in tissues and embryo fibroblasts (CEF). Highest expression was in brain and seminal vesicle. This transcript was not detectable during chick embryogenesis and, as is the case for mammalian COX-1, was not induced above background by mitogen stimulation. The identification of an avian COX-1 shows that COX-1 and COX-2 existed as separate catalysts for prostaglandin synthesis before the divergence of birds and mammals.[1]


  1. In vivo and in vitro expression of a non-mammalian cyclooxygenase-1. Reed, D.W., Bradshaw, W.S., Xie, W., Simmons, D.L. Prostaglandins (1996) [Pubmed]
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