The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autoantibodies against glucuronosyltransferases differ between viral hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Approximately 13% of patients with chronic hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection have liver-kidney microsomal antibodies type 3 (LKM-3) directed against family 1 uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronosyl-transferases ( UGT-1). The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence and specificity of LKM-3 by recombinant antigen testing systems. METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot were performed using baculovirus-generated human UGT-1.1 and -1.6 and rabbit UGT-1. 6. Sera from patients with HDV (n = 50), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) type 2 (n = 50), hepatitis B virus (n = 26), hepatitis C virus (HCV) (n = 25), and LKM-1 autoantibody-positive HCV (n = 14) and sera from normal controls (n = 50) and italian patients with HDV and known LKM-3 autoantibodies were studied. RESULTS: Six percent of patients with HDV from Germany and 8% of patients with type 2 AIH had LKM-3. Sera from italian patients with HDV and patients with AIH type 2 recognized all three recombinant UGT-1. HDV sera from Germany selectively recognized human UGT-1. LKM-3 titers were lower in HDV than in AIH. One patient with AIH had LKM-3 as the only marker of AIH. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates a molecular target and titer difference of LKM-3 autoantibodies in German subjects with HDV and AIH. It also suggests a geographic target and titer difference of LKM-3 in HDV. LKM-3 are identified as a rare and previously undescribed independent marker of AIH.[1]


  1. Autoantibodies against glucuronosyltransferases differ between viral hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis. Strassburg, C.P., Obermayer-Straub, P., Alex, B., Durazzo, M., Rizzetto, M., Tukey, R.H., Manns, M.P. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities