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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

New type of hexameric ornithine carbamoyltransferase with arginase activity in the cephamycin producers Streptomyces clavuligerus and Nocardia lactamdurans.

The ornithine carbamoyltransferases (OTCases) from the beta-lactam-producing actinomycetes Streptomyces clavuligerus and Nocardia lactamdurans have been purified to near-homogeneity by delta-N-phosphonoacetylornithine-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. The S. clavuligerus and N. lactamdurans OTCases monomers had a molecular mass of 37 kDa. The native OTCases of S. clavuligerus, N. lactamdurans and Streptomyces coelicolor had molecular masses of 248, 251 and 247 kDa respectively, which correspond to a hexameric structure. The apparent K(m) values for ornithine and carbamoylphosphate of the S. clavuligerus enzyme were respectively 2.3 and 6.0 mM at pH 8. 0. The enzyme showed a reverse activity on citrulline and used lysine and putrescine as substrates. The hexameric complex showed coupled arginase-OTCase activities and was able to convert arginine into citrulline in a carbamoylphosphate-dependent manner. The requirement for carbamoylphosphate might prevent the arginase-OTCase complex from carrying out a futile cycle of arginine biosynthesis and degradation.[1]


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