The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-type chloride current in pediatric human atrial myocytes.

Mature cardiomyocytes have been shown to possess a cyclic AMP-mediated chloride channel (I(Cl)) which is the product of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. Species variability has been demonstrated for other ion channels. This study was designed to evaluate human I(Cl) regulation using the whole-cell patch-clamp bioassay. Atrial tissue obtained from children undergoing congenital heart surgery was enzymatically dispersed into isolated myocytes. The patients ranged in age from 1 day to 11 years (mean 2 years). Isoproterenol was used to activate the cAMP second-messenger system in a potassium-free environment. Membrane calcium and sodium channels were pharmacologically blocked. Of 20 human atrial myocytes obtained from 13 pediatric patients, 80% had a small basal chloride current. The current could be inhibited by the anion transport blocker, 9-anthracene carboxylic acid. In 4 of 20 otherwise viable myocytes, no I(Cl) could be elicited, either at baseline or with beta-adrenergic stimulation. Of the 16 myocytes with a basal I(Cl), the current was unaffected by cAMP stimulation in 15 (94%) cells. There were no significant differences in age, gender or clinical status of patients whose cells conducted Cl- current compared with patients whose myocytes had no measurable I(Cl). Ten mature guinea pig ventricular myocytes were evaluated using the same whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Seven of 10 cells showed a reversible increase in I(Cl) with isoproterenol exposure. Despite presence of the CFTR gene in human cardiomyocytes, functional expression of the cAMP-activated I(Cl) does not appear evident in isolated pediatric atrial myocytes. Whether the pathophysiology of congenital heart disease may influence chloride current modulation via alterations in adrenergic tone, intracellular Ca2+ regulation, and cellular osmotic conditions remains to be established.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities