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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

cDNA cloning, genomic organization, and in vivo expression of rat N-syndecan.

The amino acid sequence of rat N-syndecan core protein was deduced from the cloned cDNA sequence. The sequence predicts a core protein of 442 amino acids with six structural domains: an NH2-terminal signal peptide, a membrane distal glycosaminoglycan attachment domain, a mucin homology domain, a membrane proximal glycosaminoglycan attachment domain, a single transmembrane domain, and a noncatalytic COOH-terminal cytoplasmic domain. Transfection of human 293 cells resulted in the expression of N-syndecan that was modified by heparan sulfate chain addition. Heparitinase digestion of the expressed proteoglycan produced a core protein that migrated on SDS-polyacrylamide gels at an apparent molecular weight of 120, 000, identical to N-syndecan synthesized by neonatal rat brain or Schwann cells. Rat genomic DNA coding for N-syndecan was isolated by hybridization screening. The rat N-syndecan gene is comprised of five exons. Each exon corresponds to a specific core protein structural domain, with the exception of the fifth exon, which contains the coding information for both the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains as well as the 3'-untranslated region of the mRNA. The first intron is large, with a length of 22 kilobases. The expression of N-syndecan was investigated in late embryonic, neonatal, and adult rats by immunoblotting and Northern blotting analysis. Among the tissues and developmental stages studied, high levels of N-syndecan expression were restricted to the early postnatal nervous system. N-syndecan was expressed in all regions of the nervous system, including cortex, midbrain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerve. Immunohistochemical staining revealed high levels of N-syndecan expression in all brain regions and fiber tract areas.[1]


  1. cDNA cloning, genomic organization, and in vivo expression of rat N-syndecan. Carey, D.J., Conner, K., Asundi, V.K., O'Mahony, D.J., Stahl, R.C., Showalter, L., Cizmeci-Smith, G., Hartman, J., Rothblum, L.I. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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