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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Altered sensitivity of aspirin-acetylated prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 to inhibition by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Aspirin (ASA) acetylates Ser516 of prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) resulting in a modified enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 15(R)-hydroxy-eicosatetraeroic acid [15(R)-HETE]. ASA has pharmacological benefits that may not all be limited to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, and this study was initiated to further investigate the properties of ASA-acetylated PGHS-2 and of the mutation of Ser516 to methionine, which mimics ASA acetylation. Both the S516M mutant and ASA-acetylated form of PGHS-2 (ASA-PGHS-2) synthesize 15(R)-HETE and have apparent K(m) values for arachidonic acid within 10-fold of the apparent K(m) value for untreated PGHS-2. The time courses of turnover-dependent inactivation were similar for reactions catalyzed by PGHS-2 and ASA-PGHS-2, whereas the PGHS-2(S516M) showed a decrease in both the initial rate of 15-HETE production and rate of enzyme inactivation. The production of 15-HETE by modified PGHS-2 was sensitive to inhibition by most nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including selective PGHS-2 inhibitors. As observed for the cyclooxygenase activity of PGHS-2, the inhibition of 15-HETE production by indomethacin was time-dependent for both ASA-PGHS-2 and PGHS-2(S516M). However, two potent, structurally related NSAIDs, diclofenac and meclofenamic acid, do not inhibit either ASA-PGHS-2 or the PGHS-2(S516M) mutant. These results demonstrate that the sensitivity to inhibition by NSAIDs of the 15-HETE production by ASA-treated PGHS-2 is different than that of prostaglandin production by PGHS-2 and that Ser516 plays an important role in the interaction with fenamate inhibitors. The results also indicate that the conversion of arachidonic acid to 15-HETE by ASA-PGHS-2 is an efficient process providing a unique mechanism among NSAIDs that will not lead to arachidonic acid accumulation or shunting to other biosynthetic pathways.[1]

References

  1. Altered sensitivity of aspirin-acetylated prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 to inhibition by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Mancini, J.A., Vickers, P.J., O'Neill, G.P., Boily, C., Falgueyret, J.P., Riendeau, D. Mol. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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