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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Delayed appearance of radiation-induced mutations at the Hprt locus in murine hemopoietic cells.

Earlier work in this laboratory identified high levels of non-clonal chromatid aberrations in the clonal descendants of murine hemopoietic stem cells after many cell divisions postirradiation with densely-ionizing, high linear energy transfer (LET) alpha-particles, but not with sparsely ionizing low LET X-rays. Using the Hprt locus as a marker, we have now demonstrated genomic instability in murine hemopoietic stem cells for greater than 20 cell divisions following both high and low LET irradiation. The increase in Hprt-deficient variants demonstrated following X- as well as alpha-particle and neutron irradiation indicates that there is a difference in the LET-dependence of delayed gene mutations and higher-order cytogenetic effects. Over 90% of the mutations identified arose in the expanding colonies after more than 12 cell divisions postirradiation and therefore cannot be attributed to the initial DNA damage. Such a high frequency of delayed mutations has important implications for mechanistic studies of radiation mutagenesis and for risk estimation.[1]


  1. Delayed appearance of radiation-induced mutations at the Hprt locus in murine hemopoietic cells. Harper, K., Lorimore, S.A., Wright, E.G. Exp. Hematol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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