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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The contribution of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) to formalin-induced nociception.

The present study examined the role of mGluRs in nociceptive responses of male Long-Evans rats following a subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of 1% (30 microliters) or 2.5% (50 microliters) formalin to the plantar surface of the hindpaw. Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of the mGluR4/mGluR6-mGluR8 agonist, L(+)-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (L-AP4), the mGluR1/mGluR5 antagonists. (S)-4-carboxyphenylglycine ((S)-4CPG) or (S)-4-carboxy-3-hydroxyphenylglycine ((S)-4C3HPG), but not the non-selective antagonist, (+)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine ((+)-MCPG), to the lumbar spinal cord slightly reduced second phase nociceptive responses. An i.t. injection of the mGluR1/mGluR5 agonist, (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine ((RS)-DHPG) or the mGluR2/mGluR3 agonist, (1S,3S)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid ((1S,3S)-ACPD), but not (2S,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2-(2'3-dicarboxy-cyclopropyl)-glycine (DCG-IV), dose-dependently enhanced formalin-induced nociception in the second phase. In addition, the facilitation of nociceptive responses induced by (1S,3S)-ACPD or (RS)-DHPG was reduced by prior i.t. administration of the mGluR antagonists, (+)-MCPG or (S)-4C3HPG, respectively, as well as by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (D-AP5). These results indicate that although mGluRs may play a minor role in formalin-induced nociception, mGluR agonist-related facilitation of formalin scores may reflect an interaction with the NMDA receptor.[1]


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