The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

NH4Cl activates AE2 anion exchanger in Xenopus oocytes at acidic pHi.

In the course of experiments to define regulation by intracellular pH (pHi) of the AE2 anion exchanger expressed in Xenopus oocytes, we discovered an unexpected regulation of AE2 by NH4+. Intracellular acidification produced by extracellular acidification or produced by equimolar substitution of NaCl with sodium acetate each inhibited AE2 activity. In contrast, intracellular acidification by equimolar substitution of NaCl with NH4Cl activated AE2-associated, trans-anion-dependent, 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid-sensitive 36Cl- influx and efflux. Regulation by NH4+ was isoform specific, since neither erythroid nor kidney AE1 was activated. AE2 activation was maximal at <5 mM NH4Cl; was not mimicked by extracellular KCl, chloroquine, or polyamines; and was insensitive to amiloride, bumetanide, barium, and gadolinium. Whether NH4Cl acts directly on AE2 or on another target remains to be determined. Activation of AE2 by NH4+ may serve to sustain Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in the presence of acidic pH in renal medulla, colon, abscesses, and other AE2-expressing acidic locales exposed to elevated NH4+ concentration.[1]


  1. NH4Cl activates AE2 anion exchanger in Xenopus oocytes at acidic pHi. Humphreys, B.D., Chernova, M.N., Jiang, L., Zhang, Y., Alper, S.L. Am. J. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities