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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deletion analysis of the p16 tumor suppressor gene in gastrointestinal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The molecular mechanisms responsible for initiation and progression of gastrointestinal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the p16 tumor suppressor gene in MALT lymphomas of the stomach and colon. METHODS: Tumor samples were obtained from 28 patients with low-grade (n = 12) and high-grade (n = 14) gastric MALT lymphomas and from 2 patients with colonic MALT lymphomas. DNA was extracted from microdissected areas with at least 80% tumor cells. To detect homozygous p16 deletions, a semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction assay was used, whereby either p16 exon 1 or exon 2 was coamplified with an unrelated sequence as internal control. RESULTS: Homozygous p16 deletions were found in 2 of 14 (14%) cases with high-grade gastric MALT lymphomas. Both patients had Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis; however, DNA extracted from areas of gastritis showed a normal p16 complement. No deletion was found in any of the low-grade gastric or the colonic MALT lymphoma specimens. CONCLUSIONS: In a subset of gastric MALT lymphomas, homozygous p16 deletions are acquired and may contribute to the transformation from a low-grade to a high-grade malignancy.[1]


  1. Deletion analysis of the p16 tumor suppressor gene in gastrointestinal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. Neumeister, P., Hoefler, G., Beham-Schmid, C., Schmidt, H., Apfelbeck, U., Schaider, H., Linkesch, W., Sill, H. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
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