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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vacuolar H+-ATPase in ocular ciliary epithelium.

The mechanisms controlling the production of aqueous humor and the regulation of intraocular pressure are poorly understood. Here, we provide evidence that a vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) in the ocular ciliary epithelium is a key component of this process. In intracellular pH (pHi) measurements of isolated ciliary epithelium performed with 2',7-biscarboxyethyl-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF), the selective V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1 slowed the recovery of pHi in response to acute intracellular acidification, demonstrating the presence of V-ATPase in the plasma membrane. In isolated rabbit ciliary body preparations examined under voltage-clamped conditions, bafilomycin A1 produced a concentration-dependent decrease in short-circuit current, and topical application of bafilomycin A1 reduced intraocular pressure in rabbits, indicating an essential role of the V-ATPase in ciliary epithelial ion transport. Immunocytochemistry utilizing antibodies specific for the B1 isoform of the V-ATPase 56-kDa subunit revealed localization of V-ATPase in both the plasma membrane and cytoplasm of the native ciliary epithelium in both rabbit and rat eye. The regional and subcellular distribution of V-ATPase in specific regions of the ciliary process was altered profoundly by isoproterenol and phorbol esters, suggesting that change in the intracellular distribution of the enzyme is a mechanism by which drugs, hormones, and neurotransmitters modify aqueous humor production.[1]


  1. Vacuolar H+-ATPase in ocular ciliary epithelium. Wax, M.B., Saito, I., Tenkova, T., Krupin, T., Becker, B., Nelson, N., Brown, D., Gluck, S.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
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