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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heterogeneity of antibodies reactive with the dominant antigen of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

The serotype b-specific carbohydrate antigen (SbAg) of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans Y4 is reported to be the O antigen of lipopolysaccharide, and the highest titers of serum antibody reactive with A. actinomycetemcomitans in early-onset periodontitis (EOP) patients bind SbAg. These high titers of serum antibody reactive with SbAg are associated with a lesser extent and severity of periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to determine if a limited number of genes code for anti-SbAg antibodies as has been shown for immunoglobulin G (IgG) reactive with the type b polysaccharide from Haemophilus influenzae. Serum IgG reactive with the SbAg was prepared from 20 high-titer EOP patients by affinity chromatography. The IgG subclass concentrations were determined, and heterogeneity was analyzed by isoelectric focusing (IEF). IgG2 was the dominant subclass (83% of total IgG) in the anti-SbAg IgG fraction and represented an average of 1.33% of total serum IgG2. The IgG2 reactive with SbAg was isolated from the affinity-purified IgG fraction by affinity chromatography with protein A and subclass-specific monoclonal antibodies. On IEF gels, only 4 to 20 bands were observed in the anti-SbAg IgG fractions, indicating limited heterogeneity. N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis of eight representative anti-SbAg IgG2 preparations indicated that variable heavy and light chains consisted largely of V(H)III and V(kappa)II, respectively. However, a significant fraction of anti-SbAg may use V(H) and V(lambda) genes with blocked N termini. In short, these findings indicate that IgG reactive with SbAg is very much like the antibody reactive with H. influenzae type b polysaccharide. Similarities include IgG2 dominance, limited bands on IEF gels, supporting an oligoclonal response, and use of genes from V(H)III and V(kappa)II regions.[1]


  1. Heterogeneity of antibodies reactive with the dominant antigen of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Nakashima, K., Schenkein, H.A., Califano, J.V., Tew, J.G. Infect. Immun. (1997) [Pubmed]
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