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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid on expression of CD11b, actin polymerization, and adherence in human neutrophils.

Human neutrophils contain a highly specific dehydrogenase that converts 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid to 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE). 5-Oxo-ETE is a potent stimulator of calcium mobilization, chemotaxis, and aggregation in these cells and has similar effects on eosinophils. The primary objectives of the current study were to determine whether this compound could increase the surface expression of integrins and stimulate actin polymerization in neutrophils. 5-Oxo-ETE stimulated the expression of CD11b and, to a lesser extent, CD11c, on neutrophils, but had no significant effects on the expression of CD11a, CD16 (Fc gammaRIII), or CD32 (Fc gammaRII). Surface expression of CD11b in response to 5-oxo-ETE was maximal after 12 min and remained constant thereafter. The EC50 for this response (50 nM) was lowered to 20 nM by preincubation of neutrophils with PMA. 5-Oxo-ETE (EC50, 10 nM) also rapidly stimulated actin polymerization in neutrophils, with a maximal response at 20 s. This response was blocked by pretreatment of neutrophils with the Gi protein inhibitor, pertussis toxin, and by homologous desensitization due to preincubation with 5-oxo-ETE. However, preincubation with leukotriene B4 or platelet-activating factor had no effect on the response of neutrophils to subsequent addition of 5-oxo-ETE. The adherence of neutrophils to plasma-coated plastic was also stimulated by 5-oxo-ETE with a time course similar to that for the surface expression of CD11b. Low concentrations of PMA (0.3 nM) enhanced this response. These results raise the possibility that 5-oxo-ETE could contribute to the infiltration of neutrophils into inflammatory sites.[1]


  1. Effects of 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid on expression of CD11b, actin polymerization, and adherence in human neutrophils. Powell, W.S., Gravel, S., Halwani, F., Hii, C.S., Huang, Z.H., Tan, A.M., Ferrante, A. J. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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