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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemistry of articular cartilage from immature beagle dogs dosed with difloxacin.

Effects of the fluoroquinolone difloxacin on articular-epiphyseal cartilage in growing beagle dogs have been described by light microscopic, electron microscopic, and biochemical methods. Here we present data from an immunohistochemistry study with humeral head cartilage from 3-mo-old beagle dogs after treatment with 1 or 2 oral doses of 300 mg difloxacin/kg body weight. Dogs were euthanatized either 24 hr (single dose) or 48 hr (2 doses) after onset of dosing, and cartilage tissue was stored at -90 degrees C until it was studied by immunohistochemistry. Antibodies against matrix components (collagen II, fibronectin) as well as antibodies against cellular structures (integrins) were used. After single-dose treatment (24-hr group), cartilage lesions such as clefts were not observed, but increased staining for fibronectin was found in cartilage samples from 5 of 6 animals. Markedly increased staining for fibronectin was also demonstrated in the vicinity of clefts within cartilage of all animals of the 48-hr group. Collagen II staining was homogeneously distributed in cartilage from controls and was slightly reduced in territorial matrix in 2 of 6 dogs of the 48-hr group. Integrin staining on chondrocytes was not significantly affected by difloxacin under the given conditions with the exception of a slight reduction of the alpha v integrin chain in 1 of 5 dogs of the 48-hr group. Overall, the most important results is the finding that fibronectin was a sensitive immunohistochemical marker for change in cartilage samples due to difloxacin treatment in dogs.[1]


  1. Immunohistochemistry of articular cartilage from immature beagle dogs dosed with difloxacin. Burkhardt, J.E., Förster, C., Lozo, E., Hill, M.A., Stahlmann, R. Toxicologic pathology. (1997) [Pubmed]
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