The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of two isoforms of isopentenyl-diphosphate isomerase from elicitor-treated Cinchona robusta cells.

In Cinchona robusta (Rubiaceae) cell suspension cultures, the activity of the enzyme isopentenyl-diphosphate isomerase (isopentenyl-POP isomerase) is transiently induced after addition of a homogenate of the phytopathogenic fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi. The enzyme catalyses the interconversion of isopentenyl-POP and dimethylallyl diphosphate (dimethylallyl-POP) and may be involved in the biosynthesis of anthraquinone phytoalexins that accumulate rapidly after elicitation of Cinchona cells. From elicitor-treated C. robusta cells, two isoforms of isopentenyl-POP isomerase have been purified to apparent homogeneity in four chromatographic steps. The purified forms are monomeric enzymes of 34 kDa (isoform I) and 29 kDa (isoform II), with Km values for isopentenyl-POP of 5.1 microM and 1.0 microM, respectively. Both isoforms require Mn2+ or Mg2+ as cofactor, isoform II showing a preference for Mn2+ with maximum activity at 1.5-2 mM. Isoform I was most active in the presence of 0.5-1.5 mM Mg2+ or in the presence of 0.5 mM Mn2+. A pH optimum of 7-7.8 was found for both forms and both were competitively inhibited by geranyl diphosphate (Ki 96 microM for isoform I) and the transition state analogue 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl diphosphate. Rechromatography of purified isoforms did not indicate any interconversion of both forms. Western blot analysis, using antibodies raised against isopentenyl-POP isomerase purified from Capsicum annuum, showed the presence of both isoforms in the crude protein extracts from C. robusta cells. Isoform II was specifically induced by elicitation, non-treated cells contained low activity of this isoform. The possible role of isopentenyl-POP isomerase in the biosynthesis of anthraquinones is discussed.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of two isoforms of isopentenyl-diphosphate isomerase from elicitor-treated Cinchona robusta cells. Ramos-Valdivia, A.C., van der Heijden, R., Verpoorte, R., Camara, B. Eur. J. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities