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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-Hydroxytryptamine1A and 5-hydroxytryptamine1B receptors stimulate [35S]guanosine-5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate binding to rodent brain sections as visualized by in vitro autoradiography.

[35S]Guanosine-5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate ([35S]GTPgammaS) binding to G proteins was measured by in vitro autoradiography in guinea pig and rat brain sections after activation by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor agonists. 5-Carboxamidotryptamine stimulated binding strongly in hippocampus and lateral septum and weakly in substantia nigra. This effect was blocked in the substantia nigra by the 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist GR-127,935 and in the former two regions by the 5-HT1A antagonist NAN-190. 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonists stimulated binding in substantia nigra and in areas containing 5-HT1A receptors. In guinea pig substantia nigra, 5-(nonyloxy)-tryptamine maximally stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding by 54%, with an EC50 value of 62 nM; at 100 microM, this agonist increased binding by approximately 200% in hippocampus (with a 2-fold weaker EC50 value). The distribution of [3H]8-OH-DPAT binding sites was identical to that of the [35S]GTPgammaS labeling stimulated by the 5-HT1A agonist (R)-8-hydroxy-2-dipropylaminotetralin [(R)-8-OH-DPAT)]. (R)-8-OH-DPAT, (S)-8-OH-DPAT, and buspirone stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding in hippocampus by 340%, 140%, and 78%, with EC50 values of 71, 51, and 132 nM. Enhanced [35S]GTPgammaS binding was not detected in the presence of 5-HT1F, 5-HT2, 5-HT4, and 5-HT7 receptor agonists. Because activation of mu-opioid, muscarinic M2, histamine H3, and cannabinoid receptors was also visualized successfully, these data suggest that only receptors coupled to pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins can be seen by [35S]GTPgammaS binding autoradiography. This study also shows that different 5-HT receptors coupled to these proteins can show a wide range of [35S]GTPgammaS binding stimulation. Although the functional significance of these variations is unclear, this technique offers advantages over receptor autoradiography because it does not require high affinity radioligands and provides a measure of agonist efficacies in various brain regions.[1]


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