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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced myosin light chain phosphorylations as a central mechanism for coronary artery spasm in a swine model with interleukin-1beta.

BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery spasm plays an important role in a wide variety of ischemic heart diseases, the intracellular mechanism for the spasm remains to be clarified. We examined the role of myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylations, a key mechanism for contraction of vascular smooth muscle, in our swine model with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). METHODS AND RESULTS: IL-1beta was applied chronically to the porcine coronary arteries from the adventitia to induce an inflammatory/proliferative lesion. Two weeks after the operation, intracoronary serotonin repeatedly induced coronary hyperconstrictions at the IL-1beta-treated site both in vivo and in vitro, which were markedly inhibited by fasudil, an inhibitor of protein kinases, including protein kinase C and MLC kinase. Western blot analysis showed that during serotonin-induced contractions, MLC monophosphorylation was significantly increased and sustained in the spastic segment compared with the control segment, whereas MLC diphosphorylation was noted only in the spastic segment. A significant correlation was noted between the serotonin-induced contractions and MLC phosphorylations. Both types of MLC phosphorylation were markedly inhibited by fasudil. In addition, MLC diphosphorylation was never induced by a simple endothelium removal in the normal coronary artery, whereas enhanced MLC phosphorylations in the spastic segment were noted regardless of the presence or absence of the endothelium. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that enhanced MLC phosphorylations in the vascular smooth muscle play a central role in the pathogenesis of coronary spasm in our swine model.[1]


  1. Enhanced myosin light chain phosphorylations as a central mechanism for coronary artery spasm in a swine model with interleukin-1beta. Katsumata, N., Shimokawa, H., Seto, M., Kozai, T., Yamawaki, T., Kuwata, K., Egashira, K., Ikegaki, I., Asano, T., Sasaki, Y., Takeshita, A. Circulation (1997) [Pubmed]
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