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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcriptional control of T4 coliphage-specific genes 30, 42, 43, rIIA, rIIB, and e.

Escherichia coli B/r (suo) was infected, at 30 degrees C, with T4Dam+, T4DamB24-amN82 (I-, 44-, DNA-negative phenotype), and T4DamN134amBL292 (33-, 55-, maturation-defective phenotype). A genetic ('transformation') assay was used to monitor transcription of genes 30 (polynucleotide ligase), 42 (deoxycytidylate hydroxymethylase), 43 (DNA polymerase), rIIA, rIIB, and e (endolysin). The principal results are: (I) All of the genes studied were transcribed exlusively from the so-called l-strand of phage DNA. (2) DNA synthesis and the maturation-defective proteins were required to turn-off transcription of genes 42, rIIA, tIIB, and 43. Experiments performed with chloramphenicol suggested that all phage-specific proteins required to turn-off transcription of these genes were not present until 6 to 8 min post infection (p.i.). (3) During a normal developmental programme, gene 30 was transcribed throughout the eclipse. DNA-negative and maturation-defective conditions had no obvious effect on transcription of this gene. (4) During a normal lytic event, two discrete waves of gene e transcription were observed. The late wave was dependent upon DNA-synthesis and presence of functional maturation-defective proteins. The early wave was unaffected by DNA-negative or maturation-defective conditions. Experiments with chloramphenicol indicated that, if any virus-specific proteins are involved with regulation of early e transcription, such proteins are present by 3 min p.i. The data are interpreted to mean that early gene transcription is regulated by a minimum of two mechanisms. One of these mechanisms is fully operational by the 3rd min and, among the genes studied, controlled early e transcription. A second mechanism becomes operational between 6 and 8 min p.i. and controls transcription of genes 42, 43, rIIA, and rIIB.[1]


  1. Transcriptional control of T4 coliphage-specific genes 30, 42, 43, rIIA, rIIB, and e. Witmer, H., Baros, A., Forbes, J., Padnos, D., Maricondia, W., Weiner, M. J. Gen. Virol. (1976) [Pubmed]
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