The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypoglycosylation of a brain glycoprotein (beta-trace protein) in CDG syndromes due to phosphomannomutase deficiency and N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase II deficiency.

Human beta-trace protein is a major intrathecally synthesized polypeptide constituent of human cerebrospinal fluid. We have previously shown that this protein is almost quantitatively modified with biantennary complex-type N-linked oligosaccharides which show "brain-type" glycosylation characteristics (Hoffmann,A. et al., J. Neurochem., 63, pp. 2185-2191, 1994). In the present study human beta-trace protein from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome (CDGS) due to phosphomannomutase ( PMM) deficiency and N-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase II (GlcNAc-T II) deficiency as well as from control individuals was studied by Western blot analysis. The protein from pooled CSFs was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography. The protein from the five patients with CDGS PMM deficiency showed three protein bands upon SDS-PAGE analysis corresponding to the di-, mono-, and unglycosylated polypeptide forms. Carbohydrate structural analysis of the enzymatically liberated N-glycans was performed applying mapping by HPAEC-PAD, methylation analysis as well as MALD/TOF-MS. Essentially identical oligosaccharide structures were detected in beta-TP from type I patients and control adult pooled CSF. The beta-trace protein from two patients with GlcNAc-T II deficiency showed a single di-N-glycosylated protein band with a significantly lower molecular weight than the di-glycosylated polypeptide from control patients and the beta-trace protein from pooled adult CSF. Beta-TP from GlcNAc-T II deficiency patients shared only three oligosaccharides out of the 13 observed in beta-TP from controls or patients with PMM deficiency. The major oligosaccharide structures of the glycoprotein from patients with GlcNAc-T II deficiency were found to be monoantennary asialo- or monosialylated lactosamine-type chains with proximal fucose and bisecting GlcNAc.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities