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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reduction of 3-chlorobenzoate, 3-bromobenzoate, and benzoate to corresponding alcohols by Desulfomicrobium escambiense, isolated from a 3-chlorobenzoate-dechlorinating coculture.

An anaerobic bacterial coculture which dechlorinated 3-chlorobenzoate (3CB) to benzoate was obtained by single-colony isolation from an anaerobic bacterial consortium which completely degraded 3CB in defined medium. Of 29 additional halogenated aromatic compounds tested, the coculture removed the meta halogen from 2,3- and 2,5-dichlorobenzoate, 3-bromobenzoate (3BB), 5-chlorovanillate (5CV), and 3-chloro-4-hydroxybenzoate. Dechlorinating activity in the coculture required the presence of pyruvate. 5CV was also O-demethoxylated. The coculture contained two cell types: a short, straight gram-negative rod and a long, thin, curved gram-positive rod. The short rod, Desulfomicrobium escambiense, was recently isolated and identified as a new sulfate-reducing bacterial species (B. R. Sharak Genthner, S. D. Friedman, and R. Devereux, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47:889-892, 1997; B. R. Sharak Genthner, G. Mundfrom, and R. Devereux, Arch. Microbiol. 161:215-219, 1994). D. escambiense did not dehalogenate any of the compounds dehalogenated by the coculture, nor dit it O-demethoxylate 5CV or vanillate. However, D. escambiense reduced 3CB, EBB, and benzoate to their respective benzyl alcohols. Reduction to alcohols required the presence of pyruvate, which was transformed to acetate, lactate, and succinate in the presence of absence of 3CB, 3BB, or benzoate. Alcohol formation did not occur in pyruvate-sulfate medium. Under these conditions, sulfate was preferentially reduced. Other electron donors that supported the growth of D. escambiense during sulfate reduction did not support benzoate reduction to benzyl alcohol.[1]


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