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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Guanylin stimulates regulated secretion from human neuroendocrine pancreatic cells.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cells secrete chemical messengers in a calcium-dependent fashion. So far, other second messenger systems involved in regulated secretion have gained little attention. The aim of this study was to characterize guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-mediated vesicular secretion in pancreatic neuroendocrine cells. METHODS: In a human pancreatic cell line, BON, cyclic nucleotide levels and chromogranin A release were monitored with specific immunoassays. Uptake and release of gamma-aminobutyric acid were measured. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration was monitored with fura-2. Guanylyl cyclase C was analyzed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Guanylin increased cGMP concentrations in BON cells via guanylyl cyclase C. Stimulation of the cGMP pathway by guanylin or Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin increased the release of chromogranin A and gamma-aminobutyric acid from BON cells. This effect was mimicked by the cGMP analogue 8-bromo-cGMP. CONCLUSIONS: Guanylin and STa stimulate the regulated secretion from BON cells via guanylyl cyclase C and cGMP. Our study yields novel information about secretory properties of guanylin, mediated via a signal transduction pathway, increasing cGMP and leading to regulated secretion of neuroendocrine cells.[1]


  1. Guanylin stimulates regulated secretion from human neuroendocrine pancreatic cells. John, M., Wiedenmann, B., Kruhøffer, M., Adermann, K., Ankorina-Stark, I., Schlatter, E., Ahnert-Hilger, G., Forssmann, W.G., Kuhn, M. Gastroenterology (1998) [Pubmed]
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