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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selective impairment of HCO3(-)-dependent pHi regulation by lysophosphatidylcholine in guinea pig ventricular myocardium.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the effects of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), an amphiphilic lipid metabolite in ischemic myocardium, on intracellular pH (pH(i)) regulatory systems in guinea pig papillary muscles. METHODS: In CO2/HCO(3-)-buffered Tyrode solution, pH(i), intracellular Na+ activity (aNai) and membrane potential of isolated guinea pig papillary muscles were measured using ion-selective microelectrode and conventional microelectrode. Standard ammonium prepulsing with 20 mM NH4Cl was used to produce an intracellular acid load, and effects of LPC on the pH(i) recovery from acidosis were evaluated in the absence and presence of a transport inhibitor. RESULTS: LPC acidified the resting pH(i) by 0.03 +/- 0.01 pH units (n = 15, p < 0.01) concomitantly with a slight decrease in resting membrane potential and an increase in aNai in quiescent preparations. The pH(i) recovery rate from an intracellular acid load was decreased to 83 +/- 4% of the control value by 30 microM LPC (n = 8, P < 0.05) but not by 30 microM phosphatidylcholine (PC). In the presence of 10 microM 5-(N,N-hexamethylene) amiloride (HMA), a Na(+)-H+ exchange inhibitor, LPC still slowed pH(i) recovery from an intracellular acid load to 77 +/- 4% of the control (n = 5, P < 0.05). However, LPC failed to alter the pH(i) recovery rate in the presence of 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS, 0.5 mM), a Na(+)-HCO3- symport inhibitor. CONCLUSION: LPC impairs Na(+)-HCO3- symport but not Na(+)-H+ exchange, and LPC may potentiate its arrhythmogenic action by intensifying the intracellular acidosis in ischemic myocardium.[1]


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