The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro exposure to peptidic delta opioid receptor antagonists results in limited immunosuppression.

Previous studies by our group have demonstrated that in vitro exposure to delta-opioid receptor agonists results in a significant immunostimulation, whereas in vitro exposure to non-peptidic delta-opioid receptor antagonists results in significant suppression of various immune functions. The present study assessed potential immunomodulation by the peptidic delta-opioid receptor antagonists TIPP, D-TIPP, and ICI 174864 using a panel of in vitro immune function assays. Splenocytes from female B6C3F1 mice were cultured with the peptides at concentrations of 0.00001-10 microM. B cell proliferation was quantified following cellular activation, T cell function was assessed by cytokine production following stimulation with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, natural immunity was assessed by quantitating natural killer (NK) cell activity following a 24-h exposure, and macrophage function was assessed by quantification of interleukin-6 (IL-6) production. None of the peptides examined significantly affected B cell proliferation. Production of IL-2 by T cells was not consistently affected by exposure to either TIPP or D-TIPP, but was significantly suppressed at 10 microM ICI 174864. Production of IL-4, however, was significantly suppressed by low concentrations of either TIPP or D-TIPP, and by 10 microM ICI 174864. IL-6 production by macrophages was unaffected except for sporadic incidents of enhanced production in cells exposed to ICI 174864. NK cell function exhibited a differential pattern of suppression, with the greatest degree of suppression observed following exposure to TIPP and only slight suppression in cells exposed to either D-TIPP or ICI 174864. These data suggest that peptidic delta-opioid receptor antagonists do not exhibit the same pattern or degree of immunosuppressive activity as the non-peptidic antagonists at equivalent in vitro concentrations.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities