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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TIP49, homologous to the bacterial DNA helicase RuvB, acts as an autoantigen in human.

TATA-binding protein ( TBP), a central component for transcriptional regulation, forms complexes with various transcription regulators. We have isolated a novel human cDNA for a 49-kD TBP-interacting protein (TIP49). The human TIP49 was highly homologous to bacterial RuvB proteins that function as a DNA helicase to promote branch migration of the Holliday junction. Immunofluorescence analysis using anti-TIP49 antibody showed a typical dot-shaped nuclear staining pattern, suggesting that TIP49 is included in a macromolecular structure in the nucleus and may participate in nuclear events such as transcription and recombination. Moreover, glycerol gradient analysis demonstrated that TIP49 is present in a macromolecular complex in nuclear extracts. Interestingly, we detected a high level of autoantibodies against TIP49 in sera of patients with autoimmune diseases such as polymyositis/dermatomyositis and autoimmune hepatitis. This indicates that the autoantibody against this protein is a new marker for particular connective tissue diseases. These findings provide further evidence that the macromolecular structures described above are targeted by an autoimmune mechanism. The anti-TIP49 antibodies can be useful probes for clinical diagnosis and for investigation of intranuclear structure.[1]


  1. TIP49, homologous to the bacterial DNA helicase RuvB, acts as an autoantigen in human. Makino, Y., Mimori, T., Koike, C., Kanemaki, M., Kurokawa, Y., Inoue, S., Kishimoto, T., Tamura, T. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1998) [Pubmed]
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