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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purine salvage rescue by xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (XGPRT) potentiates methotrexate resistance conferred by transfer of a mutated dihydrofolate reductase gene.

We have previously shown that successful gene transfer of a mutated dihydrofolate reductase ( DHFR) cDNA confers resistance to methotrexate (MTX) upon infected cells. We constructed a retrovirus vector, DC/SV6S31GPT, which carries both the Escherichia coli xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase gene and the mutated Serine 31 DHFR gene. Mouse fibroblast NIH3T3 cells infected with DC/SV6S31 GPT are more resistant to MTX than cells infected with DC/SV6S31, which carries the Serine 31 DHFR and the neomycin resistance gene cDNA. The mechanism of this augmented resistance is the increased salvaging of purines due to expression of xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, as the augmentation does not occur when dialyzed serum, containing little xanthine or guanine, is used for cytotoxicity assays. These results indicate that coexpression of a metabolically related gene can potentiate the resistance carried by a drug resistance gene. This vector may be useful in clinical gene therapy to protect bone marrow from the toxic effects of MTX.[1]


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