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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Temporal synthesis of band 3 oligomers during terminal maturation of mouse erythroblasts. Dimers and tetramers exist in the membrane as preformed stable species.

Band 3, the anion transport protein of the erythrocyte membrane, exists in the membrane as a mixture of dimers (B3D) and tetramers (B3T). The dimers are not linked to the skeleton and constitute the free mobile band 3 fraction. The tetramers are linked to the skeleton by their interaction with ankyrin. In this report we have examined the temporal synthesis and assembly of band 3 oligomers into the plasma membrane during red cell maturation. The oligomeric state of newly synthesized band 3 in early and late erythroblasts was analyzed by size-exclusion high-pressure liquid chromatography of band 3 extracts derived by mild extraction of plasma membranes with the nonionic detergent C12E8 (octaethylene glycol n-dodecyl monoether). This analysis revealed that at the early erythroblast stage, the newly synthesized band 3 is present predominantly as tetramers, whereas at the late stages of erythroid maturation, it is present exclusively as dimers. To examine whether the dimers and tetramers exist in the membrane as preformed stable species or whether they are interconvertible, the fate of band 3 species synthesized during erythroblast maturation was examined by pulse-chase analysis. We showed that the newly synthesized band 3 dimers and tetramers are stable and that there is no interconversion between these species in erythroblast membranes. Pulse-chase analysis followed by cellular fractionation showed that, in early erythroblasts, the newly synthesized band 3 tetramers are initially present in the microsomal fraction and later incorporated stably into the plasma membrane fraction. In contrast, in late erythroblasts the newly synthesized band 3 dimers move rapidly to the plasma membrane fraction but then recycle between the plasma membrane and microsomal fractions. Fluorescence photobleaching recovery studies showed that significant fractions of B3T and B3D are laterally mobile in early and late erythroblast plasma membranes, respectively, suggesting that many B3T-ankyrin complexes are unattached to the membrane skeleton in early erythroblasts and that the membrane skeleton has yet to become tightly organized in late erythroblasts. We postulate that in early erythroblasts, band 3 tetramers are transported through microsomes and stably incorporated into the plasma membrane. However, when ankyrin synthesis is downregulated in late erythroblasts, it appears that B3D are rapidly transported to the plasma membrane but then recycled between the plasma membrane and microsomal compartments. These observations may suggest novel roles for membrane skeletal proteins in stabilizing integral membrane protein oligomers at the plasma membrane and in regulating the endocytosis of such proteins.[1]


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