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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GTR treatment of degree III furcation defects following application of enamel matrix proteins. An experimental study in dogs.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of enamel matrix proteins (EMD) on periodontal wound healing in degree III furcation defects in dogs. The experiment was performed in 5 foxhound dogs. 2 months prior to the start of the experiment, the 2nd and 4th lower premolars were extracted. Degree III furcation defects were created in the 3rd mandibular premolars (3P3). The furcation defects were subsequently exposed to reconstructive surgery. Buccal and lingual full thickness flaps were elevated in the lower premolar regions. The exposed root surfaces of the experimental teeth were planed. A notch was placed in the roots at the base of the defect. In one side of the mandible (Test group), phosphoric acid gel was applied over the root surfaces for 15 s. The acid was removed by flushing the root surfaces with sterile saline. Subsequently, a gel of EMD was applied to cover all instrumented root surfaces. Following gel application, a resorbable barrier membrane was adjusted to cover the buccal and lingual entrances of the furcation defect. The flaps were repositioned to cover the barrier and sutured. The contralateral premolar (Control group) received the same treatment, but acid etching was not performed and EMD was not applied prior to barrier installation. 4 months after reconstructive surgery, the animals were sacrificed and biopsies from the 3P3 regions harvested. The biopsies were placed in a fixative, demineralized in EDTA, dehydrated and embedded in paraffin. 3 mesiodistal sections, representing the central portion of the furcation site, were selected for histological analysis of the defect. The furcation defects of both the Test and Control groups were clinically closed and were found to harbor bone and periodontal ligament tissue which appeared to be in structural continuity with a newly formed root cementum. The relative amounts of mineralized bone, bone marrow and periodontal ligament tissue that had formed were similar in the Test and the Control group. In the Test group, however, the cementum that had formed in the apical portion of the furcation defect was different from the corresponding tissue in the coronal portion, and also different from the cementum observed in the Control group. In the apical portion of the test defect a thin (12 microm) acellular cementum had been laid down, while in the coronal portion a thick (32 microm) cellular cementum, similar to the cementum found in the Control group, could be observed. The current observation, hence, seems to confirm that EMD when applied onto an instrumented and acid etched dentine surface may create an environment conducive for the formation of acellular cementum.[1]


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