The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

T-cell-receptor signalling in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) type-1-deficient mice: is IP3R type 1 essential for T-cell-receptor signalling?

Stimulation of T-cells via the T-cell receptor (TCR) complex is accompanied by an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Recently, it was reported that a stable transformant of the human T-cell line, Jurkat, expressing an antisense cDNA construct of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) type 1 (IP3R1), failed to demonstrate increased [Ca2+]i or interleukin-2 production after TCR stimulation and was also resistant to apoptotic stimuli. This cell line lacked IP3R1 expression, but expressed the type-2 and -3 receptors, IP3R2 and IP3R3 respectively [Jayaraman, Ondriasova, Ondrias, Harnick and Marks (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92, 6007-6011, and Jayaraman and Marks (1997) Mol. Cell. Biol. 17, 3005-3012]. The authors concluded that IP3R1 is essential for TCR signalling and suggested that Ca2+ release via IP3R1 is a critical mediator of apoptosis. To establish whether a loss of IP3R1 function in T-cells occurred in vivo and in vitro, we investigated Ca2+ signalling after TCR stimulation and the properties of T-cells using IP3R1-deficient (IP3R1-/-) mice. As IP3R1-/- mice die at weaning, we transplanted bone marrow cells of IP3R1-/- mice into irradiated wild-type mice. Western blot analysis showed that the recipient IP3R1-containing (IP3R1+/+) lymphocytes were replaced by the donor IP3R1-/- lymphocytes after transplantation and that expression of IP3R2 and IP3R3 was unaltered. In contrast with the previous reports, T-cells lacking IP3R1 were able to mobilize Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores after stimulation via the TCR. We observed no significant differences between IP3R1+/+ and IP3R1-/- T-cells in terms of the number of thymocytes and splenocytes, the proportion of the T-cell phenotype, proliferative response to anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) stimulation and cell viability. Therefore IP3R1 is not essential for T-cell development and function.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities