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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antimutagenicity and the influence of physical factors in binding Lactobacillus gasseri and Bifidobacterium longum cells to amino acid pyrolysates.

Antimutagenic and binding properties of 28 strains of Lactobacillus gasseri and 2 strains of Bifidobacterium longum on the mutagenicity of amino acid pyrolysates were investigated in vitro using a streptomycin-dependent (SD510) strain of Salmonella typhimurium TA 98. Four strains of L. acidophilus (SBT0274, SBT1703, SBT10239, and SBT10241) and 1 strain of B. longum (SBT 2928) exhibited the highest percentage of antimutagenicity and binding. These 5 strains were further optimized for other physical factors influencing the mechanism of binding, such as cell and mutagen concentration, pH, and incubation time. In all of the selected strains, 2 mg of cells bound with 88 to 95% of 0.2 mg of 3-amino-1,4 dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole in 30 min at pH 7. 0. Other amino acid pyrolysates, such as 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole, 2-amino-6-methyldi-pyrido[1,2-a:3',2'-d]imidazole, 2-amino-3-methyl-imidazo[4,5,f]quinoline, and 2-amino-3,4-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5,f]quinoline were also tested for the binding ability of these strains. We observed that the complexity of the mutagens greatly influenced the binding properties. The binding of 3-amino-1,4 dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole to the purified cell walls was very high compared with that of the crude cell wall, peptidoglycan, or the cell extract. Binding was inhibited when the cell walls were subjected to treatment with metaperiodate or trichloroacetic acid but not when they were subjected to treatment with lysozyme, trypsin, or proteinase K, reflecting the role of the carbohydrate component as a binding site.[1]


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