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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of phosphodiesterases 3B, 4A4, 4D1, 4D2, and 4D3 in Jurkat T-cells and in human peripheral blood T-lymphocytes by 8-bromo-cAMP and Gs-coupled receptor agonists. Potential role in beta2-adrenoreceptor desensitization.

In this study, a potential mechanism of beta2-adrenoreceptor desensitization has been explored that is based upon the enhanced degradation of cAMP by phosphodiesterase (PDE). Pretreatment of Jurkat T-cells with 8-bromo cAMP (8-Br-cAMP) or prostaglandin E2 increased PDE3 and PDE4 activity in an actinomycin D- and cycloheximide-sensitive manner. This effect was associated with increased expression of HSPDE3B, HSPDE4A4, HSPDE4D1, HSPDE4D2, and HSPDE4D3 mRNA transcripts. Western analysis reproducibly labeled a band of immunoreactivity in vehicle-treated cells that corresponded to HSPDE4A4 (125 kDa). Although the intensity of this band was unchanged in cells treated with 8-Br-cAMP, additional 68-72-kDa proteins (HSPDE4D2, HSPDE4D1) were labeled that were not detected after vehicle. Similar results were obtained with T-lymphocytes exposed to 8-Br-cAMP and fenoterol. However, in those experiments HSPDE4A4 and HSPDE4D1 appeared to be equally expressed in vehicle- and treated cells, whereas HSPDE4D2 (72 kDa) was detected only after 8-Br-cAMP. The up-regulation of PDE activity in Jurkat T-cells abolished the ability of isoproterenol to elevate cAMP, which was partially reversed by the non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, and by the PDE3 and PDE4 inhibitors, Org 9935 and rolipram, respectively. Collectively, these data suggest that chronic treatment of T-cells with cAMP-elevating agents compromises beta2-adrenoreceptor- mediated cAMP accumulation by increasing the expression of HSPDE3B and HSPDE4D gene products.[1]


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