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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytokeratin expression in human oral gingival epithelial cells: in vitro regulation by titanium-based implant materials.

To evaluate whether cytokeratin expression in human oral epithelial cells could be influenced by implant materials used in dental surgery, passaged human oral gingival epithelial cells were seeded on commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) or on Ti6Al4V titanium alloy. Confluence was achieved after about 15 days on both substrates. Cells formed at that time, an organized layer of densely packed polygonal cells, and harbored a filamentous cytokeratin network typical of epithelial cells. Immunochemistry and immunoblot analysis were used to detect modifications of the amount of individual CK polypeptides ( CK7, 8, 13, 18 and 19) in function of the culture substrate. Results showed that the level of CK8, CK18 and CK19 expression was not altered whatever the culture substrate used. The expression of CK13 was reduced in epithelial cells cultured on the titanium alloy, as compared with commercially pure titanium. Conversely, the level of CK7 was higher on the Ti6Al4V alloy than on commercially pure titanium. This study suggests that titanium-based implant materials could influence differently the phenotype of oral gingival epithelial cells.[1]


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