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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Endothelial cell integrin laminin receptor expression in multiple sclerosis lesions.

Laminin, a major glycoprotein component of vessel basement membranes, is recognized by beta1- and beta3-integrins expressed on endothelial cells. To determine how endothelial cell integrins might function in multiple sclerosis ( MS) lesions, integrin laminin receptors and laminin were analyzed in central nervous system samples from MS patients and controls by immunohistochemistry. In active MS lesions, endothelial cell VLA-6 and beta1 subunits were decreased compared to controls whereas alpha(v) subunit and VLA-1 were increased. In chronic inactive lesions beta1, VLA-6 and alpha(v) were the same as controls but VLA-1 remained increased. Alpha3 subunit was constant in all samples. By immunoelectron microscopy VLA-1, VLA-6, beta1, and laminin were distributed throughout endothelial cells; alpha(v) was adjacent to and on luminal surfaces; alpha(v) and VLA-1 were on intercellular junctions. These results indicate distinct regulation and functions of these integrins in different lesion stages. In active lesions decreased endothelial cell beta1/VLA-6 could result in their detachment from laminin thereby facilitating leukocyte transvascular migration and blood-brain barrier breakdown. Alpha(v) and VLA-1 on intercellular junctions may participate in re-establishing vessel integrity after leukocyte migration. Luminal surface alpha(v) also likely binds intraluminal ligands and cells. In chronic inactive plaques persistently elevated endothelial cell VLA-1 correlates with long-standing endothelial cell and blood-brain barrier dysfunction.[1]

References

  1. Endothelial cell integrin laminin receptor expression in multiple sclerosis lesions. Sobel, R.A., Hinojoza, J.R., Maeda, A., Chen, M. Am. J. Pathol. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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